Visit Website Did you know? It was used to flavor food, but Europeans also believed that its essence could improve vision, its powder could relieve fevers, and mixed with milk it could enhance intercourse. InMagellan and his brother were assigned to a Portuguese fleet headed for India.
See Article History Alternative Titles: Though he was killed in the Philippinesone of his ships continued westward to Spain, accomplishing the first circumnavigation of Earth. Magellan, Strait ofOverview of the Strait of Magellan. In early he enlisted in the fleet of Francisco de Almeidafirst viceroy of Portuguese Indiawhose expedition King Manuel sent to check Muslim sea power along the African and Indian coasts and to establish a strong Portuguese presence in the Indian Ocean.
He took part, on February 2—3,in the great Battle of Diuin which the Portuguese defeated a Muslim fleet and thereby gained supremacy over most of the Indian Ocean.
Magellan attempted to return to Portugal afterward but was unsuccessful. At a council held at Cochin on October 10,to decide on plans for retaking Goa —which the Portuguese had captured earlier in the year but then lost—he advised against taking large ships at that season.
Nevertheless, the new Portuguese governor in India, Afonso de Albuquerquedid so, and the city fell to the Portuguese on November Yet without control of Malacca, their achievement was incomplete.
At the end of Junetherefore, a fleet under Albuquerque left for Malacca, which fell after six weeks. This event, in which Magellan took part, was the crowning Portuguese victory in the Orient. Through Malacca passed the wealth of the East to the harbours of the West, and in command of the Malacca Strait the Portuguese held the key to the seas and ports of Malaysia.
It remained only to explore the wealth-giving Moluccas now part of Indonesiathe islands of spice. Accordingly, early in December they sailed on a voyage of reconnaissance, and after reaching Banda they returned with spice in The claim made by some that Magellan went on this voyage rests on unproven statements by Italian geographer Giovanni Battista Ramusio and Spanish historian Leonardo de Argensola, and the want of evidence argues against its acceptance.
By mid Magellan was back in Lisbon, but he soon joined the forces sent against the Moroccan stronghold of Azamor Azemmour. In a skirmish that August he sustained a leg wound that caused him to limp for the rest of his life. Returning to Lisbon in Novemberhe asked King Manuel for a token increase in his pension as a reward.
But unfounded reports of irregular conduct on his part had reached the king: Early in Magellan renewed his petition; the king, refusing once more, told him he might offer his services elsewhere. By the Treaty of Tordesillasall newly discovered and undiscovered territories east of a line of demarcation leagues west of the Cape Verde Islands were assigned to Portugal; all that lay west belonged to Spain.
Magellan and Faleiro now proposed to sail west to give practical proof of their claim that the Spice Islands lay west of the line of demarcation—that is, within the Spanish, not the Portuguese, hemisphere.
This idea did not originate with him; others had sought a passage by which vessels sailing continuously westward would reach the East and thus avoid the African Cape of Good Hopewhich was controlled by the Portuguese.
Tordesillas, Treaty ofMap showing the line of demarcation between Spanish and Portuguese territory, as first defined by Pope Alexander VI and later revised by the Treaty of Tordesillas Spain won control of lands discovered west of the line, while Portugal gained rights to new lands to the east.
On March 22,their proposal received royal assent. Magellan and Faleiro were appointed joint captains general of an expedition directed to seek an all-Spanish route to the Moluccas. The government of any lands discovered was to be vested in them and their heirs, and they were to receive a one-twentieth share of the net profits from the venture.
Both also were invested with the Order of Santiagoa Spanish military-religious knighthood. Ultimately, the number of Portuguese sailors assigned to the expedition was strictly limited, Fonseca managed to install a Spanish officer as a sort of cocommander of the fleet, and Magellan lost his Portuguese cocaptain, Faleiro, whose mental instability prevented him from sailing.
Conflicts between the Portuguese and Spanish officers on board would lead to severe discipline problems. Spanish officials furnished five ships for the expedition, prepared in Sevilla. The ships were old ones, not in the best condition or fitted as Magellan would have liked.Kids learn about the biography and life of explorer Ferdinand Magellan.
The first to sail around the world. Parents and Biography: Ferdinand Magellan led the first expedition to sail all the way around the world.
Many of the sailors were Spanish and did not trust Magellan because he was Portuguese. The King of Portugal, King Manuel I. Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan led the first expedition to circumnavigate the globe. Credit: Public domain. Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer who led the first expedition to.
Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer who led the first expedition to circumnavigate the globe. Like many of his contemporaries, Magellan set out to discover a Western sea route to the Spice Islands in Indonesia.
In September , Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan set sail with a fleet of five Spanish ships in attempt to find the Spice Islands by heading west.
Although Magellan died during the journey, he is credited with the first circumnavigation of Earth. Nov 23, · Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer who arranged the Spanish voyage to East Indies from to , happens to be the first circumnavigation of the Earth, finished by Juan Sebastian Elcano.
Ferdinand Magellan While in the service of Spain, the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan led the first European voyage of discovery to circumnavigate the globe. Explorer.