When examining the vast literature on critical thinking, various definitions of critical thinking emerge. Here are some samples:
Info You are here: However, critical thinking can be applied to art, and literature including nature writing always has political dimensions whether or not the author and the texts focus explicitly on political and social issues. Below are some different ways that we can use critical thinking in interpreting literature.
Keep these in mind when you read and re-read the texts, and when you writer your papers. Two passages that seem to conflict in their ideas and values. Or a passage that seems to conflict with ideas and values we know the author has. Is the apparent conflict real?
If we read the passage s in a particular way, and they reconcilable? If the conflict is real, is it case of shift in attitude especially likely if the passages are from different books Critical thinking in literature teaching the conflict a creative tension arising from complexity, or mistaken thought?
A passage that can be interpreted in more than one way. What are the different ways the passage can be interpreted? What interpretation do other passages from the same text or different ones support? What else that we know about the author supports one or another interpretation?
What are the relative validities of the various interpretations? There may end up being only one valid interpretation, but start by assuming there are more than one interpretation, and more than one have some validity.
The basis for a passage, idea, value, and rhetoric. Fundamental ideas and assumptions about social and ecological reality. These ideas may be based on yet deeper ideas. These values may be based on yet more fundamental values. The likely effects that the ideas, values, and rhetoric have.
How do the views and values, and also the rhetoric literary style, etc. In other words, how different are they from the conventional?
What is the basis for these differences? Where do they come from? What effects do you think the author wants her or his writings to have? What leads you to that conclusion? What are the possible effects on individual readers?
Think in terms of different types of readers, different historical situations, and then think about the possible effects. What leads you to those conclusions? What are the possible effects on society? Think in terms of different social groups, the specific historical situation, and then think about the possible effects.
How do these effects compare with the effect the author hopes for? What are the limitations and problems in deciding on the above issues? In what ways and to what degrees is the basis of these views and values compelling and problematic? In what ways and to what degrees are the effects on individual readers positive and problematic?
In what ways and to what degrees are the effects on society and the social implications positive and problematic? In answering each of these questions, what are the criteria you are applying?
How do you make the judgment you do? How might the author respond to your different, specific evaluations? How would you respond to those responses?2 the Critical Thinking Movement. Proponents of the critical thinking movement posit numerous reasons for teaching critical thinking.
A common reason is a reflection of the. CRITICAL THINKING THROUGH LITERATURE: A DIALOGUE TEACHING MODEL A Thesis Presented by William H. Hayes Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies and Research.
"Critical thinking is thinking that assesses itself" (Center for Critical Thinking, b). "Critical thinking is the ability to think about one's thinking in such a way as 1. To recognize its strengths and weaknesses and, as a result, 2. Our latest tip looks at ‘Critical thinking’. Watch Alister using the map of the world with his young learner class to encourage greater critical thinking in language learning.
Literature is an effective tool for engaging students in critical thinking. By teaching children to analyse and evaluate literary texts appropriate to their age and interests, we .
Below are some different ways that we can use critical thinking in interpreting literature. Keep these in mind when you read and re-read the texts, and when you writer your papers.
Two passages that seem to conflict in their ideas and values.