Chapter 13 As winter thaws into spring, the monster notices that the cottagers, particularly Felix, seem unhappy. A beautiful woman in a dark dress and veil arrives at the cottage on horseback and asks to see Felix. Felix becomes ecstatic the moment he sees her. The woman, who does not speak the language of the cottagers, is named Safie.
Verbal irony[ edit ] This is the simplest form of irony, in which the speaker says the opposite of what he or she intends. There are several forms, including euphemismunderstatementsarcasmand some forms of humor.
However, their lives changed dramatically for the worse after discovering it.
As Hamlet wants Claudius to go to hell, he waits. Dramatic irony[ edit ] Dramatic Irony is when the reader knows something important about the story that one or more characters in the story do not know.
If the audience had thought, like Romeo, that she was dead, the scene would not have had anywhere near the same power. If we were as oblivious as the guests, there would be virtually no point to the story.
The way to remember the name is that dramatic irony adds to the drama of the story. See Irony for a more detailed discussion, and definitions of other forms of irony.
Diction[ edit ] Diction is the choice of specific words to communicate not only meaning, but emotion as well. For example, a person may be described as stubborn or tenacious, both of which have the same basic meaning, but are opposite in terms of their emotional background the first is an insult, while the second is a compliment.
Similarly, a bargain-seeker may be described as either thrifty compliment or stingy insult.
Syntax Sentences can be long or short, written in the active voice or passive voicecomposed as simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex. They may also include such techniques as inversion or such structures as appositive phrases, verbal phrases gerund, participle, and infinitiveand subordinate clauses noun, adjective, and adverb.
The ghetto was ruled by neither German nor Jew; it was ruled by delusion. The first clause establishes suspense about who actually rules the ghetto, and then the first few words of the second clause set up the reader with the expectation of an answer, which is metaphorically revealed only in the final word of the sentence.
Voice[ edit ] In grammarthere are two voices: These terms can be applied to whole sentences or to verbs. Verbs also have tense, aspect and mode.
There are three tenses: There are two main aspects: Some grammarians refer to aspects as tenses, but this is not strictly correct, as the perfect and progressive aspects convey information other than time. There are many modes also called moods.
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