How to write a systematic review article

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How to write a systematic review article

How to write a research paper What is a literature review The literature review is a written overview of major writings and other sources on a selected topic. Sources covered in the review may include scholarly journal articles, books, government reports, Web sites, etc.

The literature review provides a description, summary and evaluation of each source. It is usually presented as a distinct section of a graduate thesis or dissertation.

Purpose of the literature review The purpose of the literature review is to provide a critical written account of the current state of research on a selected topic: Identifies areas of prior scholarship Places each source in the context of its contribution to the understanding of the specific issue, area of research, or theory under review.

Describes the relationship of each source to the others that you have selected Identifies new ways to interpret, and shed light on any gaps in, previous research Points the way forward for further research.

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Components of the literature review The literature review should include the following: Objective of the literature review Overview of the subject under consideration. Clear categorization of sources selected into those in support of your particular position, those opposed, and those offering completely different arguments.

Discussion of both the distinctiveness of each source and its similarities with the others. Steps in the literature review process Preparation of a literature review may be divided into four steps: Define your subject and the scope of the review.

Search the library catalogue, subject specific databases and other search tools to find sources that are relevant to your topic. Read and evaluate the sources and to determine their suitability to the understanding of topic at hand see the Evaluating sources section.

Analyse, interpret and discuss the findings and conclusions of the sources you selected. Evaluating sources In assessing each source, consideration should be given to: What is the author's expertise in this particular field of study credentials?

Are the author's arguments supported by empirical evidence e. Is the author's perspective too biased in one direction or are opposing studies and viewpoints also considered?

Does the selected source contribute to a more profound understanding of the subject? Examples of a published literature review Literature reviews are often published as scholarly articles, books, and reports.

Here is an example of a recent literature review published as a scholarly journal article: Critical race theory in education: A review of past literature and a look to the future. Qualitative Inquiry, 21 3 Link to the article Additional sources on writing literature reviews Further information on the literature review process may be found below:Objective.

To report the results of a systematic literature review concerning the security and privacy of electronic health record (EHR) systems.

What is a NOT a Literature Review? A literature review is not simply a chronological catalog of all your sources, but an evaluation. It pulls the previous research together, and explains how it connects to the research proposed by the current paper.

The next step is for the researchers to read the full text of each article identified for inclusion in the review and extract the pertinent data using a standardized data extraction/coding form.

The data extraction form should be as long or as short as necessary and can be coded for computer analysis if . Lead author Peter S.

how to write a systematic review article

Hussey, PhD, from RAND Health, Arlington, Virginia, and colleagues conducted a systematic review of 61 studies and "found inconsistent evidence on both the direction and the. This guide deals with how to write a systematic review. Systematic reviews have become popular over the last 20 years or so, particularly in health .

A systematic review of a clinical question can be performed by following a relatively standard form. These techniques as described here can be performed without formal training.

Systematic reviews conducted in this fashion can be used as a higher form of current concepts or as review articles and replace the traditional expert opinion .

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